GENERAL INFORMATION ABOUT ECUADOR
Ecuador’s name comes from its geographical location. By being located in the middle of the world and be divided by the equator line. There are no marked seasons, so we have spring weather throughout the year. The Ecuador is located in the North-western of South America in the Pacific Ocean; it is made up of four distinct geographic regions (Cost, Andes, Amazon and Galapagos or Insular Region).
The Ecuador despite not having a large area is considered one of the countries with the greatest diversity of flora and fauna in the world, also has a plurality of ethnic cultures, these reasons make the country’s attractions are unique and of interest to tourists to experience unique and varied sensations in short travel times. Ecuador is one of the seven countries with the greatest diversity of life on Earth, be surprised to learn that there is barely 256,370 km2 10% of all species of animals and plants on the planet. It has the greatest biodiversity per square kilometre in the world.
¡Beautiful, small and diverse are three words that define the Ecuador!
ALL 4 NATURAL ECUADOR REGIONS
Ecuador is divided into four geographic regions:
It has more than 1000 kilometres of pristine beaches lapped by the Pacific Ocean. The climate varies between 22 and 26º C, the currents of the Child (warm) and Humboldt (cold) balance climate and rainfall in this region.
Called interandino valley is crossed from north to south by the Andes Mountains, volcanoes and glaciers here give a diverse topography of this region. The Chimborazo, Cotopaxi National Park, the currently active volcano Tungurahua, Cayambe, is really emblematic symbols of the country for its natural beauty. In this region it is located Quito (capital of Ecuador) declared by UNESCO 30 years Cultural Heritage of Humanity makes for having a historic centre known as the Shrine of Art in America for its churches, museums, monasteries, traditions and history.
• The climate of the Sierra is very varied, despite being very near the Line
• Equatorial the temperature ranges from 10 to 25 ° C due to the influence of the Andean and winds through the valleys and plains
<> Orient or Amazon Region:
Called jungle or Selva, from where came the principal tributaries of the Amazon River, has primary forests are protected National Parks how’s Cuyabeno and Yasuni. This region is one of the largest lungs of the world. The great biodiversity Ecuador Orient has reflected in the number and variety of animals and plants that visitors can observe species. To penetrate in the East only need 20 minutes from Quito by air to be in contact with monkeys, parrots, macaws and a wet-hot-hot climate with abundant rainfall. The temperature ranges between 22 and 26º C.
<> Galapagos or Insular Region:
UNESCO Planet declared the volcanic Galapagos Islands or Enchanted Isles a World Heritage Site in 1979, and six years after a biosphere reserve; only place in the world for its exotic fauna and flora. Its friendly wildlife does not flee from the presence of visitors, unique in the world such as: giant tortoises or turtles, iguanas, sea lions, penguins, flamingos, seals, birds of beautiful colours, etc. make this magical place where time is I stopped so that today we admire.
They have been referred to studies of famous scientists like Charles Darwin created the theory of «Evolution of the Species». They are located approximately 1000 km. of the Ecuadorian coast.
A half hour flight from the Ecuadorian mainland although the islands are located on the equator, the temperature of the islands varies greatly between 7 and 32 ° C from December to June are warm months is considered hot and wet season months ideal for diving and snorkelling for that water It has a nice temperature. From July to November it is cool. The average annual temperature is 24º C. From July to September the climate is dry but cooler, the water temperature drops considerably, is ideal for observing aquatic life more season, as the animals prefer the colder currents.